# Phase Diagram Module

## Constructing a Blast Furnace Diagram with FactSage – Part IV

In order to reduce the CO2 emissions caused by the iron & steel industry, there have been initiatives in the last decades to substitute reductants based on carbon by the use of H2 as a reducing agent. These initiatives go from the direct injection of H2 at the tuyeres of the blast furnace [1, 2] […]

## Constructing a Blast Furnace Diagram with FactSage – Part III

In the 3rd blog post of this series related to the Blast Furnace Diagram, we at first consider the effect of including the metallic phases as solution phases instead of considering them as pure compounds, like we already did for the oxides. Then, we show how the total pressure will affect the diagram, in special

## Constructing a Blast Furnace Diagram with FactSage – Part II

In the second blog post of this series related to the Blast Furnace Diagram, we explore some variations of the diagram constructed in the first blog post, while sticking to carbon as the only reducing agent in the system. This blog post was written in collaboration with Klaus Hack. The first diagram that we will

## Constructing a Blast Furnace Diagram with FactSage 8.2

The so-called blast-furnace diagram describes which phases are stable in the different regions of the blast furnace, depending on the conditions of temperature and of the atmosphere inside the furnace[1]. It is basically a phase diagram, where the volume fraction of CO is represented on the X-axis and the temperature is represented on the Y-axis,

## 3D Mapping of Gibbs Energy Diagrams onto Phase Diagrams

Mats Hillert has shown [*] that what is called a Phase Diagram is derivable from a projection in a so-called Property Diagram. The (molar) Gibbs Energy as the property is plotted along the z-axis as a function of two other variables x and y. For binary systems, for example, T equals y and the mole

## From molar Gibbs energy functions to phase diagrams

In a series of posts, we will focus on the relation between phase diagrams, Gibbs energy functions and activities. Let us begin with the Al-Cu phase diagram at a temperature of 500 °C. In this blog post we will work exclusively with the FactSage Education Package. Let us suppose we have generated an Al-Cu phase-diagram

## Example for a FactSage calculation of a non-equilibrium process

It is a common misconception that thermodynamic calculations can only be used for processes that are in equilibrium. In fact, there is a lot to learn from an Integrated Thermodynamic Databank System like FactSage even if you are far away from equilibrium! As example we consider the popular Fe-C system: If you choose all phases

## A hands-on example for a phase-diagram-module calculation

FactSage contains many modules. The major ones for daily work are Equilib and Phase Diagram. Phase Diagram permits the calculation of phase diagram sections for systems with any number of components. Components can be elements, compounds or even arbitrary compositions. For a phase diagram calculation, first the components of interest have to be defined. Then, the possible