A thermodynamic model for deoxidation equilibria in steel

TitleA thermodynamic model for deoxidation equilibria in steel
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsJung, I-H, DECTEROV, SA, Pelton, DA
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B

For relattively dilute solutions of oxygen and a deoxidizer M (M=Al, Cr, Ca, Mg, ...) in molten Fe, a thermodynamic model is proposed wherein the dissolved species are M*O associates as well as unassociated M and O atoms. At higher metal concentrations, a small amount of M 2*O associates also form. Experimental deoxidation equilibria for 15 deoxidizers M are quantitatively reproduced at all temperatures, with only a constant, temperature-independent and composition-independent empirical parameter for the Gibbs energy of formation of each associate. The deoxidation behavior of Mg, Ca, and Ba is elucidated for the first time. The parameters are stored in a database, which can be used to predict complex deoxidation equilibria in multicomponent steels.